Circa (fromLatin, meaning "around, about"), usually abbreviated c., ca or ca. (also circ. or cca.), means "approximately" in several European languages including English, usually in reference to a date.Circa is widely used in genealogy and historical writing when the dates of events are not accurately known. When used in date ranges, circa is applied before each approximate date, while dates without circa immediately preceding them are generally assumed to be known with certainty.
1732–1799 or 1732–99: both years are known precisely.
c.1732 – 1799: only the end year is known accurately; the start year is approximate.
1732 – c.1799: only the start year is known accurately; the end year is approximate.
Circa is an album by American composer and pianist Michael Cain with trumpeter Ralph Alessi and saxophonist Peter Epstein recorded in 1996 and released on the ECM label.
The Allmusic review by Scott Yanow awarded the album 4 stars stating "Ranging from what sounds like chamber music (it is often difficult to determine when the musicians are improvising) to stretched-out long tones and heated sections, this episodic and continually intriguing music is never predictable and rewards repeated listenings".
"Siegfried and Roy" - 1:26
"Social Drones" (Ralph Alessi) - 2:46
"Ped Cruc" - 3:27
"Miss M." (Alessi) - 6:22
"Circa" - 4:20
"Egg" - 6:08
"Top O' the Dunes" - 7:19
"And Their White Tigers" - 4:32
"Red Rock Rain" - 4:55
"The Suchness of Dory Philpott" (Alessi, Cain) - 4:09